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How To Change Open SSH Port On CentOS 7

To change the default SSH port of your CentOS 7 server, the first thing you want to do is backup the current SSH configuration on your system.

To do that, run the commands below.

sudo cp /etc/ssh/sshd_config /etc/ssh/sshd_config.bak

Above command creates a new named sshd_config.bak with the current settings of the sshd_config file.

If something goes wrong, you can then restore the file from this created backup.

Next, run the commands below to open the default SSH configuration file

sudo vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

When the file opens, make the below change and save the file. Un-comment or remove the (#) before the line the reads Port and change the port number you want to use.

# If you want to change the port on a SELinux system, you have to tell
# SELinux about this change.
# semanage port -a -t ssh_port_t -p tcp #PORTNUMBER
#
Port 2244
#AddressFamily any
#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
#ListenAddress ::

Save the file.

After saving, don’t exit until you’ve completed these steps.

By default, SELinux only allows port 22 for SSH. What you need to do is enable the newly created port through SELinux. To do that, run the commands below

sudo semanage port -a -t ssh_port_t -p tcp 2244

If you run the commands above and get an error that semanage command not found, run the commands below to install it.

sudo yum -y install policycoreutils-python

Then go and run the semange commend again to allow the new port through SELinux.

After that, run the commands below to allow the new port through the firewall.

sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=2244/tcp

Reload the firewall configurations

sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Restart SSH by running the commands below.

sudo systemctl restart sshd.service

Verify that SSH is now running on the new port by running the commands below.

ss -tnlp | grep ssh
LISTEN 0 128 *:2244 *:* users:((“sshd”,10783,3))
LISTEN 0 128 :::2244 :::* users:((“sshd”,10783,4))

Exit and try signing in using the new port number.

ssh root@192.168.0.1 -p 2244

That’s it we are done!

Want to know how to change open SSH port of other Linux OS versions? Then check our other article at https://blog.xeonbd.com/changing-the-ssh-port-xeonbd-blog/

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